Between Majapahit Kingdom and Present Indonesia
Majapahit was the last great kingdom before the colonial time between 14th and 16th century that successfully united most area in Indonesia. Not only that, it also successfully drove the mighty Kublai Khan’s fleet out of Indonesia. The ruins found in Trowulan reflect the greatness of the powerful kingdom. The archaeological site itself covers the area of 10 square kilometers; it’s already a size of a city even to today’s standard. What a metropolis it must have been at the time.
While the preservation and restoration has been undertaking, socio-economic issues arise, and certainly interfere with the on-going process. Land clearance has always been the main cause in many cases. Limited budget unable the government to purchase the property where the ruins and artifacts are found in order to secure it. Today, most of the properties still belong to individuals. When the land owner wants to cultivate or make use of the land, and at the same time the land is archaeological site, things become problematic. Matters get even more complicated when the land owner does not have a clue about the significance of the archaeological findings, and hardly tries to understand.
From the cultural point of view, we see other problems. People of Trowulan are very proud of the site, but most actually do not understand what the story is behind the kingdom. Apart from people who could not be more careless about the sites, there are people who are concerned. This sounds positive, but unfortunately the concern is mostly on the economic side; only a handful tries to benefit from its historical and cultural values. It’s quite sad to admit that there is hardly a connection between the people and the site except economic.
This situation brought a deep concern to Sacred Bridge. How is it possible that any one, community or nation not having a “relationship” with their history and past culture? Based on this curiosity, Sacred Bridge initiated an action research program in Trowulan in 2011.
The objective is to find out why the interrelationship is not there, and to seek whether reconnecting the people in Trowulan with their history and past culture is possible. If not, then what should be done?
The research finished the field assessment on December, 2011, and just completed the analysis on September, 2012. Field clinic is scheduled to start on February, 2013.